Açılımı “Test of English as a Foreign Language” olan, ilk olarak 1964 yılında düzenlenen ve ilk başlarda Amerika Birleşik Devletleri üniversitelerine girişte istenen bir test olan TOEFL günümüzde 130 ülkede 9000’den fazla üniversite ve kurum tarafından kabul ediliyor.
Puan sınırlaması 0 ila 120 arasında değişen TOEFL’ın taban puanı, kurumlara göre farklılık gösteriyor.
TOEFL sınavları, TOEFL iBT ve TOEFL PBT olarak iki farklı biçimde düzenleniyor. TOEFL iBT internet üzerinden yapılırken, TOEFL PBT ise kağıt üzerinde; Okuma, Dinleme, Konuşma ve Yazma olarak 4 bölüm olarak düzenleniyor.
TOEFL Sınavında En Çok Çıkan 30 Kelime
Considerable (adjective):or amount
Jeff ate a considerable amount of ice cream. He couldn’t decide between chocolate, mint or strawberry, so he bought some of each.
Once you learn English, you can interpret for your Chinese-speaking parents when you travel to New York.
My teacher has a friendly attitude; she always says hello to me, smiles and helps me study.
I estimate that we will arrive around 5:00 p.m., if we don’t get lost!
Authority (noun): the power or right to control
The judge has the authority to decide the man’s punishment.
Demonstrate (verb):describe, explain or show
I’ll demonstrate how to make cookies. First, we mix the ingredients, then we put it them in the oven to bake.
Proceed (verb): to move or go forward
The marching band will proceed through the street for the parade.
Stable (adjective): not likely to fall or change suddenly
The bridge was old and falling apart; it didn’t seem very stable!
Contribute (verb): to give, especially to a common cause
A generous man decided to contribute all of his savings to charity.
Risk (noun): chance of injury or loss
The risk of losing my purse at this music festival is high, so I’ll leave it at home.
Prior (adjective): preceding in time or order; previous
Prior to the Internet, students looked up vocabulary words in big, heavy dictionaries.
Shift (verb): to transfer, change or exchange
Maria felt the weather shift from warm to cool very quickly.
One of the benefits of my job is that I get free snacks at work every day!
The oil spill had a terrible impact on the animals and their environment.
Distribute (verb): to divide or give out
The teacher distributed a test paper to each student.
Challenge (verb): to call into question
The librarian challenged the idea that books are no longer important.
Evaluate (verb): to determine the value or significance
My teacher will evaluate my speaking ability during the test. I’m so nervous!
Former (adjective): preceding in time, prior, earlier
My former boss helped me to get a new job.
Interfere (verb): to come into opposition or conflict (one thing with another)
Megan’s new boyfriend interfered with her studies. She spent so much time with him that she didn’t have time to do her homework.
Issue (noun): a point, matter or dispute
The leaders disagreed on the issue of global warming.
Reinforced by a hot meal, I felt ready for the day.
Significantly (adverb): in a great or important way
My cooking skills improved significantly after I took the cooking class.
Widespread (adjective): found or distributed over a large area or group
There was widespread excitement in the school on the day of the concert!
Imply (verb): to suggest but not directly state
The angry look on my mother’s face implied that I was in big trouble.
Increase (verb): to become greater in size or quantity
The price of the movie ticket increased from $10 to $12.
Effective (adjective): successful at producing the desired result
The teacher was very effective; all of her students did well on the TOEFL!
Debate (verb): to argue about a subject, sometimes in a formal manner
My brother and I debated over what to eat for dinner. He wanted pizza, but I wanted sandwiches.
Sustain (verb): to strengthen or support
The roof wasn’t able to sustain the weight of the heavy snow; it collapsed.
Support (verb): to agree with or approve
The man couldn’t decide which presidential candidate to support, so he read about each of them.
Measure (verb): calculate the size, amount or degree of something
The seamstress measured her fabric for the dress.
IELTS (Uluslararası İngilizce Dil Yeterlilik Sınavı), İngilizcenin kullanıldığı ülkelerde çalışmak veya eğitim almak isteyenlerin İngilizce düzeylerini belirlemek ve değerlendirmek amacıyla yapılan ve en fazla tercih edilen İngilizce dil sınavdır. IELTS dört aşamadan oluşmaktadır: dinleme, okuma, yazma ve konuşma. Adaylar her bir bölüm için ayrı puan almaktadır ve bu puanların ortalaması da genel sınav notunu oluşturmaktadır. IELTS, Genel eğitim ve akademik olmak üzere iki çeşittir. Genel eğitim sınavı, İngilizce konuşulan ülkelerde eğitim almak, çalışmak ya da göçmenlik başvurusunda bulunmak isteyenler içindir. Akademik sınav ise İngilizce konuşulan ülkelerde eğitim almak isteyen adaylar için uygundur.
|English||Synonyms for IELTS|
|Amazing||Incredible, Fantastic, Fabulous, Astonishing, Extraordinary|
|Awful||Terrible, Abominable, Dreadful|
|Bad||Evil, Spoiled, Imperfect, Infamous, Dismal|
|Beautiful||Gorgeous, Ravishing, Dazzling, Exquisite, Stunning|
|Begin||Initiate, Commence, Inaugurate|
|Big||Huge, Enormous, Gigantic, Humongous, Substantial, Mammoth|
|Break||Rupture, Fracture, Shatter|
|Calm||Serene, Peace, Tranquil|
|Cool||Chilly, Frosty, Icy|
|Cut||Chop, Slash, Slit|
|Dangerous||Hazardous, Risky, Precarious|
|Definite||Certain, Positive, Obvious|
|Delicious||Savoury, Titbit, Delectable|
|Destroy||Demolish, Slay, Ruin, Raze|
|Difference||Disagreement, Inequity, Dissimilarity|
|Dull||Boring, Uninteresting, Monotonous, Humdrum, Dreary|
|End||Terminate, Conclude, Cessation|
|Fall||Drop, Descend, Topple|
|Famous||Well-known, Renowned, Eminent, Illustrious|
|Fast||Quick, Rapid, Hasty, Snappy|
|Fat||Stout, Corpulent, Chubby, Bulky|
|Funny||Amusing, Humorous, Droll|
|Get||Acquire, Obtain, Secure, Procure, Gather|
|Good||Excellent, Fine, Wonderful, Superior, Gracious, Superb, Splendid, Genuine, Sterling, Top-notch,|
|Great||Worthy, Distinguished, Grand, Considerable, Mighty|
|Happy||Pleased, Delighted, Elated, Joyful, Ecstatic, Jubilant, Jaunty|
|Hate||Despise, Loathe, Abhor, Abominate|
|Have||Possess, Own, Acquire,|
|Help||Aid, Assist, Support, Encourage, Relieve|
|Hide||Conceal, Cover, Mask, Veil|
|Idea||Thought, Concept, Notion|
|Important||Necessary, Vital, Critical, Indispensable, Valuable, Essential, Famous, Notable|
|Interesting||Fascinating, Engaging, Spirited, Intriguing, Gripping, Enthralling, Captivating|
|Little||Tiny, Diminutive, Exiguous, Dinky, Cramped|
|Look||Gaze, Glance, Peek, Glimpse, Stare, Leer|
|Love||Like, Admire, Fancy, Care for, Adore|
|Make||Create, Originate, Invent, Construct, Manufacture, Produce, Compose|
|Move||Plod, Creep, Crawl, Drag, Toddle, shuffle, Trot, Lumber, Meander|
|Neat||Orderly, Tidy, Trim, Natty, Smart, Elegant|
|New||Unique, Modern, Current, Recent|
|Old||Feeble, Ancient, Aged, Veteran, Mature, Primitive, Stale|
|Place||Draw, Map, Diagram, Procedure, Method, Blueprint|
|Show||Display, Exhibit, Indicate, Reveal, Demonstrate|
|Tell||Disclose, Reveal, Expose, Narrate, Inform, Divulge|
|Use||Employ, Utilise, Exhaust, Spend|
|Wrong||Incorrect, Inaccurate, Mistaken, Erroneous, Improper, Unsuitable|